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Key Principles for Project Design

1. Planning.png

Conduct a thorough baseline assessment to understand the local context:

  • Analyze existing gender-inclusive projects to learn from successes and failures.

  • Research gender-based violence (GBV) in public spaces and transport, along with relevant policies.

  • Identify key stakeholders including civil society, public authorities, and companies with a strong gender focus.

Refine the context analysis by identifying social norms around women's involvement in transport.

2. Training.png

Design empowering driving training programs, considering:

Selecting an appropriate cohort size for close monitoring and individual needs.

Beneficiary selection criteria to ensure commitment and suitability.

Choosing a driving school with experience training women and a focus on safety and gender sensitivity.

Providing financial and geographical support to minimize participant dropout rates.

Addressing GBV concerns and creating safe spaces for reporting.

Ensure training on electric vehicle specifics, including driving, charging/battery swapping, maintenance, and sustainable battery use.​

3. Retaining Women in the Workforce.png

Before and during training, address potential challenges:

  • Clearly communicate physical demands and organizational/financial realities of operating EVs.

  • Create safe spaces for women to discuss future operations and compatibility with family duties.

  • Partner with male family members to promote project inclusivity.


Consider passenger vs. delivery services:

  • Assess safety, working hours, physical implications, and market potential for both options.

  • Explore collaboration with delivery companies and ride-hailing platforms catering to women.

  • Prioritize daytime operations to minimize risks and allow for care duties.


Continuously monitor project implementation, addressing issues transparently:

  • Track challenges like accidents, GBV, and work-life balance conflicts.

  • Create safe spaces for open communication and reporting.

  • Provide ongoing training on rights and business skills.

4. Evaluation.png

This principle emphasizes understanding the long-term impact of the project on trained women and the wider female population. It highlights the importance of conducting surveys and focus groups before and after the training program to gauge perceptions, motivations, and challenges.

1. Understand Perceptions of Trained Women

Before Training:

  • Motivations for becoming a driver included economic empowerment, family well-being, and a desire to be a catalyst for progress.

  • Identified barriers included road safety concerns, lack of experience, and unfavorable working hours.

  • Training needs included technical knowledge, safety training, and support for female drivers.

After Training:

  • Report and analyse experiences.

  • Adress challenges, such as costs of spare parts, road accidents, and health concerns (back pain, fatigue).

  • Create a safe space for women (women-only focus group) to address these new challenges.

Understanding Perceptions of Women



  • Family care responsibilities made night hours undesirable for most women.

  • Lack of moral and financial support from families.

  • Fear of gender-based harassment.

  • Road safety concern.


  • Interest in becoming moto-taxi drivers

  • Financial improvement and family support.

  • Expanding career opportunities.

Support Measures

  • Subsidized loans specifically for women received the strongest support.

  • Driver training campaigns and special exams focused on women were highly favored.

  • Media campaigns promoting female taxi drivers and raising awareness of gender-based harassment were also seen as important.

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