Climate Change Mitigation Pathways for Southeast Asia
The Paris Agreement calls for, among other things, strong reductions in CO2 emissions by 2030 and beyond. This paper reviews the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) plans of six Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and compares their current and projected future CO2 levels across sectors, and their stated targets in the context of their economic and demographic situations. This comparison reveals wide variations in the types of targets. The authors also review national plans as stated in NDCs and find that while there are many types of policies listed, few are quantified and no attempts are made to score individual or groups of policies for their likelihood in achieving stated targets. In conclusion, more analysis is needed to better understand the possible impacts of current policies and plans on CO2 emissions, and whether current plans are adequate to hit targets. Considerations on better aligning targets are also provided. The paper "Climate Change Mitigation Pathways for Southeast Asia: CO2 Emissions Reduction Policies for the Energy and Transport Sectors" by Lew Fulton, Alvin Mejia, Madgala Ariosi, Kathleen Dematera, and Oliver Lah was published in Sustainability, volume 9, issue 7. It is available for free download.
Partnership with UN-Habitat and the Association of German Cities
The Wuppertal Institute together with the Association of German Cities (Deutscher Städtetag) and the UN Habitat Programme (UN-Habitat) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). It provides a framework for the joint work of implementing the New Urban Agenda. The cooperation with the Association of German Cities is the basis for the Habitat III Policy Unit "Urban Services and Technology" and the SOLUTIONS and FUTURE-RADAR project with UN-Habitat. Hilmar von Lojewski (Deputy of the Association of German Cities), André Dzikus (Coordinator Urban Basic Services, UN Habitat) and Oliver Lah, head of the Research Unit Mobility and International Cooperation at the Wuppertal Institute discussed the implications of the New Urban Agenda on cities as well as concrete future steps for its implementation. The purpose of this MoU is to provide a framework for cooperation among the parties to work on activities that deliver on the Paris Agreement, the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. The parties will work closely with local and national governments and partners within the urban mobility SOLUTIONS network and the Urban Electric Mobility.
Considering the role of transport for a 1.5 degree stabilisation pathway and the importance of light-duty vehicle fuel efficiency within that, it is important to understand the key elements of a policy package to shape the energy efficiency of the vehicle fleet. This paper presents an analysis focusing on three types of policy measures: (1) CO2 emission standards for new vehicles, (2) vehicle taxation directly and indirectly based on CO2 emission levels, (3) fuel taxation. The paper compares the policies in the G20 economies and estimates the financial impact of those policies using the example of a Ford Focus vehicle model. This analysis is a contribution to the assessment of the role of the transport sector in global decarbonisation efforts. The findings show that only an integrated approach of regulatory and fiscal policy measures can yield substantial efficiency gains in the vehicle fleet and can curb vehicle kilometres travelled by individual motorised transport. The paper "On a pathway to de-carbonization - A comparison of new passenger car CO2 emission standards and taxation measures in the G20 countries" by Ziffer Yang, Peter Mock, John German, Anup Bandivadekar, and Oliver Lah (Wuppertal Institute) was published in "Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment" and is available for download via ScienceDirect.
Dealing with Political Volatility to Advance Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
As the recent withdrawal of the United States from the Paris Agreement has shown, political volatility directly affects climate change mitigation policies. This particularly holds true for sectors such as transport, which are associated with long-term investments by individuals (vehicles) and by local and national governments (urban form and transport infrastructure and services). There is a large potential for cost-effective solutions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to improve the sustainability of the transport sector that is yet unexploited. This study aims to explore some well-established political science theories on the particular example of climate change mitigation in the transport sector in order to identify some of the factors that could help explain the variations in success of policies and strategies in this sector. The paper "Continuity and Change: Dealing with Political Volatility to Advance Climate Change Mitigation Strategies - Examples from the Transport Sector" by Wuppertal Institute's Oliver Lah was published in Sustainability, volume 9, issue 6. It is available for free download.
Sustainable Development Synergies and Factors of Change in the Transport Sector
The 25th volume of "Transportation Research Procedia" includes full papers which have been successfully reviewed and presented at the World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR) held at Tongji University in Shanghai, China, on 10-15 July 2016. Wuppertal Institute's Oliver Lah contributed two papers. In "Factors of Change: The influence of policy environment factors on climate change mitigation strategies in the transport sector", Lah applies some well established political science theories on the particular example of climate change mitigation in the transport sector in order to identify some of the factors that could help explain the variations in success of policies and strategies in this sector. In "Sustainable development synergies and their ability to create coalitions for low-carbon transport measures", he shows that low-carbon transport generates significant and quantifiable benefits that can create a basis for political and societal coalitions. The analysis is based on Avoid-Shift-Improve approaches and case studies from Germany, Colombia, India, and Singapore. Both papers are available for free download via ScienceDirect.