In 2016 Morocco approved the Paris agreement and delivered its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). The NDC It has been developed in a national conference in Rabat city in a conference that included different stakeholders, namely representatives of ministries and representatives of international organizations, in order to ensure their support in the implementation plan. In its NDC, Morocco aims to reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions by 17% below Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030. In case of sufficient international financial support, by 2030 Morocco intends to reduce GHG emission by 42% below BAU. Between 2020 and 2030, a reduction of 527 Mt CO2 will be reached. Morocco has also set adaptation objectives in the most vulnerable sectors, namely agriculture, water and forests sectors. The cost of adaptation strategies and implementation plans between 2020 and 2030 are estimated by 35 billion USD.
Population 35 276 786 (2016)
Area 446,550 km2
GDP 110.7 US$MM (2017)
Urban population growth 2.162% (2016)
CO2 emission 54.93 Mt CO2 (2015)
CO2 emissions per capita 1.60 t CO2/capita (2015)
CO2/GDP 0.49 kg CO2 (2015)
Transport As in its NDC, Transportation sector is expected to contribute by 14.4% of mitigation effort in the energy generation and consumption in Morocco by 2030. The Moroccan government has already set measures to reach the target. The first strategy is making the public transport sustainable and inclusive. Promoting other sustainable transport mode like walking and cycling is a high priority as well. Although there are in Morocco few transport policies, the local authority in each city tries to establish transport infrastructure that cover the demand and fit to the context in the city.
The local authority in Casablanca intends to develop the transport infrastructure that fulfill the needs of the city residents and simultaneously contribute in the climate mitigation. In Casablanca city reaching efficiency in the public transport sector is a high priority. Therefore the municipality has planned 3 tram lanes and 4 BRT lanes by the year 2022. Strengthening the public transport will encourage the city residents to leave their cars, which will contribute in the reduction of GHG emissions from private cars. Along the tram lanes a green corridor has been established. To increase safety and security, pedestrian facilities have been established. The planed transport infrastructure will also contribute in the integration of different neighborhood in the whole city plan. Located in the western part of Morocco with a population of 3,359,818 (2014), Casablanca is the largest city in Morocco. With an area of 220 km2, Casablanca city forms a part of larger metropolitan area called the grand Casablanca. The city has the largest economy in Morocco, which the industrial and service sectors have a biggest share in it. In 2014 the region of Casablanca-Settat accounted for 32% of Morocco’s GDP.